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Table of contents
PREFACE
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-1.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-1.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.4
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.5
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.4
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.5
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-6
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.3
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.4
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.3
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.4
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-3.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-3.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.3
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-1
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-2
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-3
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-4
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-1.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-1.2
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-2.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-2.2
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-3-4
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-5.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-5.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

IV. 

 

Animals as Sources of Erotic Symbolism--Mixoscopic Zoophilia--The 

Stuff-fetichisms--Hair-fetichism--The Stuff-fetichisms Mainly on a Tactile 

Base--Erotic Zoophilia--Zooerastia--Bestiality--The Conditions that Favor 

Bestiality--Its Wide Prevalence Among Primitive Peoples and Among 

Peasants--The Primitive Conception of Animals--The Goat--The Influence of 

Familiarity with Animals--Congress Between Women and Animals--The Social 

Reaction Against Bestiality. 

 

 

The erotic symbols with which we have so far been concerned have in every 

case been portions of the body, or its physiological processes, or at 

least the garments which it has endowed with life. The association on 

which the symbol has arisen has in every case been in large measure, 

although not entirely, an association of contiguity. It is now necessary 

to touch on a group of sexual symbols in which the association of 

contiguity with the human body is absent: the various methods by which 

animals or animal products or the sight of animal copulation may arouse 

sexual desire in human persons. Here we encounter a symbolism mainly 

founded on association by resemblance; the animal sexual act recalls the 

human sexual act; the animal becomes the symbol of the human being. 

 

The group of phenomena we are here concerned with includes several 

subdivisions. There is first the more or less sexual pleasure sometimes 

experienced, especially by young persons, in the sight of copulating 

animals. This I would propose to call Mixoscopic Zoophilia; it falls 

within the range of normal variation. Then we have the cases in which the 

contact of animals, stroking, etc., produces sexual excitement or 

gratification; this is a sexual fetichism in the narrow sense, and is by 

Krafft-Ebing termed _Zoophilia Erotica_. We have, further, the class of 

cases in which a real or simulated sexual intercourse with animals is 

desired. Such cases are not regarded as fetichism by Krafft-Ebing,[33] 

but they come within the phenomena of erotic symbolism as here understood. 

This class falls into two divisions: one in which the individual is fairly 

normal, but belongs to a low grade of culture; the other in which he may 

belong to a more refined social class, but is affected by a deep degree of 

degeneration. In the first case we may properly apply the term bestiality; 

in the second case it may perhaps be better to use the term _zooerastia_, 

proposed by Krafft-Ebing.[34] 

 

Among children, both boys and girls, it is common to find that the 

copulation of animals is a mysteriously fascinating spectacle. It is 

inevitable that this should be so, for the spectacle is more or less 

clearly felt to be the revelation of a secret which has been concealed 

from them. It is, moreover, a secret of which they feel intimate 

reverberations within themselves, and even in perfectly innocent and 

ignorant children the sight may produce an obscure sexual excitement.[35] 

It would seem that this occurs more frequently in girls than in boys. Even 

in adult age, it may be added, women are liable to experience the same 

kind of emotion in the presence of such spectacles. One lady recalls, as a 

girl, that on several occasions an element of physical excitement entered 

into the feelings with which she watched the coquetry of cats. Another 


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