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Table of contents
PREFACE
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-1.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-1.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.4
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.5
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.4
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.5
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-6
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.3
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.4
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.3
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.4
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-3.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-3.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.3
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-1
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-2
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-3
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-4
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-1.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-1.2
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-2.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-2.2
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-3-4
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-5.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-5.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

 

With regard to the association, suggested by Stanley Hall, 

between exhibitionism and an unusual degree of development of the 

sexual organs, it must be remarked that both extremes--a very 

large and a very small penis--are specially common in 

exhibitionists. The prevalence of the small organ is due to an 

association of exhibitionism with sexual feebleness. The 

prevalence of the large organ may be due to the cause suggested 

by Hall. Among Mahommedans the sexual organs are sometimes 

habitually exposed by religious penitents, and I note that 

Bernhard Stern, in his book on the medical and sexual aspects of 

life in Turkey, referring to a penitent of this sort whom he saw 

on the Stamboul bridge at Constantinople, remarks that the organ 

was very largely developed. It may well be in such a case that 

the penitent's religious attitude is reinforced by some lingering 

relic of a more fleshly ostentation. 

 

It is by a pseudo-atavism that this phallicism is evoked in the 

exhibitionist. There is no true emergence of an ancestrally inherited 

instinct, but by the paralysis or inhibition of the finer and higher 

feelings current in civilization, the exhibitionist is placed on the same 

mental level as the man of a more primitive age, and he thus presents the 

basis on which the impulses belonging to a higher culture may naturally 

take root and develop. 

 

Reference may here be made to a form of primitive exhibitionism, 

almost confined to women, which, although certainly symbolic, is 

absolutely non-sexual, and must not, therefore, be confused with 

the phenomena we are here occupied with. I refer to the 

exhibition of the buttocks as a mark of contempt. In its most 

primitive form, no doubt, this exhibitionism is a kind of 

exorcism, a method of putting evil spirits, primarily, and 

secondarily evil-disposed persons, to flight. It is the most 

effective way for a woman to display sexual centers, and it 

shares in the magical virtues which all unveiling of the sexual 

centers is believed by primitive peoples to possess. It is 

recorded that the women of some peoples in the Balkan peninsula 

formerly used this gesture against enemies in battle. In the 

sixteenth century so distinguished a theologian as Luther when 

assailed by the Evil One at night was able to put the adversary 

to flight by protruding his uncovered buttocks from the bed. But 

the spiritual significance of this attitude is lost with the 

decay of primitive beliefs. It survives, but merely as a gesture 

of insult. The symbolism comes to have reference to the nates as 

the excretory focus, the seat of the anus. In any case it ignores 

any sexual attractiveness in this part of the body. Exhibitionism 

of this kind, therefore, can scarcely arise in persons of any 

sensitiveness or aesthetic perception, even putting aside the 

question of modesty, and there seems to be little trace of it in 

classic antiquity when the nates were regarded as objects of 

beauty. Among the Egyptians, however, we gather from Herodotus 

(Bk. II, Chapter LX) that at a certain popular religious festival 

men and women would go in boats on the Nile, singing and playing, 


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