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PREFACE
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-1.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-1.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.4
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.5
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.4
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.5
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-6
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.3
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.4
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.3
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.4
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-3.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-3.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.3
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-1
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-2
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-3
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-4
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-1.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-1.2
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-2.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-2.2
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-3-4
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-5.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-5.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

patient is alone or in a miscellaneous concourse of people. It will be on 

a level with the acts of the highly respectable young woman who, at the 

conclusion of an attack of _petit mal_, consisting chiefly of a sudden 

desire to pass urine, on one occasion lifted up her clothes and urinated 

at a public entertainment, so that it was with difficulty her friends 

prevented her from being handed over to the police.[63] Such an act is 

automatic, unconscious, and involuntary; the spectators are not even 

perceived; it cannot be an act of exhibitionism. Whenever, on the other 

hand, the place and the time are evidently chosen deliberately,--a quiet 

spot, the presence of only one or two young women or children,--it is 

difficult to admit that we are in the presence of a fit of epileptic 

unconsciousness, even when the subject is known to be epileptic. 

 

Even, however, when we exclude those epileptic pseudo-exhibitionists who, 

from the legal point of view, are clearly irresponsible, it must still be 

remembered that in every case of exhibitionism there is a high degree of 

either mental abnormality on a neuropathic basis, or else of actual 

disease. This is true to a greater extent in exhibitionism than in almost 

any other form of sexual perversion. No subject of exhibitionism should be 

sent to prison without expert medical examination. 

 

 

FOOTNOTES: 

 

[54] Lasege first drew attention to this sexual perversion and gave it its 

generally accepted name, "Les Exhibitionistes," _L'Union Medicale_, May, 

1877. Magnan, on various occasions (for example, "Les Exhibitionistes," 

_Archives de l'Anthropologie Criminelle_, vol. v, 1890, p. 456), has given 

further development and precision to the clinical picture of the 

exhibitionist. 

 

[55] B. Ball. _La Folie Erotique_, p. 86. 

 

[56] Moll, _Untersuchungen ueber die Libido Sexualis_, bd. i, p. 661. 

 

[57] "Exhibitionism in its most typical form is," Garnier truly says, "a 

_systematic act_, manifesting itself as the _strange equivalent of a 

sexual connection_, or its _substitution_." The brief account of 

exhibitionism (pp. 433-437) in Garnier's discussion of "Perversions 

Sexuelles" at the International Medical Congress at Paris in 1900 

(_Section de Psychiatrie: Comptes-Rendus_) is the most satisfactory 

statement of the psychological aspects of this perversion with which I am 

acquainted. Garnier's unrivalled clinical knowledge of these 

manifestations, due to his position during many years as physician at the 

Depot of the Prefecture of Police in Paris, adds great weight to his 

conclusions. 

 

[58] The symbolism of coitus involved in flagellation has been touched on 

by Eulenburg (_Sexuale Neuropathie_, p. 121), and is more fully developed 

by Duehren (_Geschlechtsleben in England_, bd. ii, pp. 366, _et seq._). 

 

[59] A. Hoche, _Neurologische Centralblatt_, 1896, No. 2. 

 

[60] _Op. cit._, pp. 478, et seq. 

 

[61] C.H. Hughes, "Morbid Exhibitionism," _Alienist and Neurologist_, 

August, 1904. Another somewhat similar American case, also preceded by 

overwork, and eventually adjudged insane by the courts, is recorded by 

D.S. Booth, _Alienist and Neurologist_, February, 1905. 

 

[62] Exhibitionism in epilepsy is briefly discussed by Fere, _L'Instinct 


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