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Table of contents
PREFACE
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-1.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-1.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.4
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.5
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.4
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.5
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-6
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.3
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.4
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.3
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.4
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-3.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-3.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.3
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-1
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-2
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-3
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-4
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-1.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-1.2
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-2.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-2.2
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-3-4
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-5.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-5.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

discomposed. There is a general expression of eager receptivity to sensory 

impressions. The dilatation of the pupils, the expansion of the nostrils, 

the tendency to salivation and to movements of the tongue, all go to make 

up a picture which indicates an approaching gratification of sensory 

desires; it is significant that in some animals there is at this moment 

erection of the ears.[122] There is sometimes a tendency to utter broken 

and meaningless words, and it is noted that sometimes women have called 

out on their mothers.[123] The dilatation of the pupils produces 

photophobia, and in the course of detumescence the eyes are frequently 

closed from this cause. At the beginning of sexual excitement, Vaschide 

and Vurpas have observed, tonicity of the eye-muscles seems to increase; 

the elevators of the upper lids contract, so that the eyes look larger and 

their mobility and brightness are heightened; with the increase of 

muscular tonicity strabismus occurs, owing to the greater strength of the 

muscles that carry the eyes inward.[124] 

 

The facial expression which marks the culmination of tumescence, 

and the approach of detumescence is that which is generally 

expressive of joy. In an interesting psycho-physical study of the 

emotion of joy, Dearborn thus summarizes its characteristics: 

"The eyes are brighter and the upper eyelid elevated, as also are 

the brows, the skin over the glabella, the upper lip and the 

corners of the mouth, while the skin at the outer canthi of the 

eye is puckered. The nostrils are moderately dilated, the tongue 

slightly extended and the cheeks somewhat expanded, while in 

persons with largely developed pinnal muscles the ears tend 

somewhat to incline forwards. The whole arterial system is 

dilated, with consequent blushing from this effect on the dermal 

capillaries of the face, neck, scalp and hands, and sometimes 

more extensively even; from the same cause the eyes slightly 

bulge. The whole glandular system likewise is stimulated, causing 

the secretions,--gastric, salivary, lachrymal, sudoral, mammary, 

genital, etc.--to be increased, with the resulting rise of 

temperature and increase in the katobolism generally. Volubility 

is almost regularly increased, and is, indeed, one of the most 

sensitive and constant of the correlations in emotional 

delight.... Pleasantness is correlated in living organisms by 

vascular, muscular and glandular extension or expansion, both 

literal and figurative." (G. Dearborn, "The Emotion of Joy," 

_Psychological Review Monograph Supplements_, vol. ii, No. 5, p. 

62.) All these signs of joy appear to occur at some stage of the 

process of sexual excitement. 

 

In some monkeys it would seem that the muscular movement which in 

man has become the smile is the characteristic facial expression 

of sexual tumescence or courtship. Discussing the facial 

expression of pleasure in children, S.S. Buckman has the 

following remarks: "There is one point in such expression which 

has not received due consideration, namely, the raising of lumps 

of flesh each side of the nose as an indication of pleasure. 

Accompanying this may be seen small furrows, both in children and 


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