Main  Contacts  
Table of contents
PREFACE
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-1.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-1.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.4
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.5
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.4
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.5
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-6
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.3
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.4
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.3
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.4
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-3.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-3.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.3
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-1
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-2
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-3
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-4
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-1.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-1.2
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-2.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-2.2
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-3-4
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-5.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-5.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

substances which pass into the circulation and are of immense importance 

in the development of the organism. 

 

The experiments of Shattock and Seligmann indicate that the semen and its 

reabsorption in the seminal vesicles, or the nervous reactions produced by 

its presence, can have no part in the formation of secondary sexual 

characters. These investigators occluded the vas deferens in sheep by 

ligature, at an early age, rendering them later sterile though not 

impotent. The secondary sexual characters appeared as in ordinary sheep. 

Spermatogenesis, these inquirers conclude, may be the initial factor, but 

the results must be attributed to the elaboration by the testicles of an 

internal secretion and its absorption into the general circulation.[142] 

 

When animals are castrated there is enlargement of the ductless glands in 

the body, notably the thyroid and the suprarenal capsules.[143] It is 

evident, therefore, that the secretions of these ductless glands are in 

some degree compensatory to those of the testes. But this compensatory 

action is inadequate to produce any sexual development in the absence of 

the testes. 

 

We see, therefore, how extremely important is the function of the testis. 

Its significance is not alone for the race, it is not simply concerned 

with the formation of the spermatozoa which share equally with the ova the 

honor of making the mankind of the future. It also has a separate and 

distinct function which has reference to the individual. It elaborates 

those internal secretions which stimulate and maintain the physical and 

mental characters, constituting all that is most masculine in the male 

animal, all that makes the man in distinction from the eunuch. Among 

various primitive peoples, including those of the European race whence we 

ourselves spring, the most solemn form of oath was sworn by placing the 

hand on the testes, dimly recognized as the most sacred part of the body. 

A crude and passing phase of civilization has ignorantly cast ignominy 

upon the sexual organs; the more primitive belief is now justified by our 

advancing knowledge. 

 

In these as in other respects the ovaries are precisely analogous 

to the testes. They not only form the ova, but they elaborate for 

internal use a secretion which develops and maintains the special 

physical and mental qualities of womanhood, as the testicular 

secretion those of manhood. Moreover, as Cecca and Zappi found, 

removal of the ovaries has exactly the same effect on the 

abnormal development of the other ductless glands as has removal 

of the testes. It is of interest to point out that the internal 

secretion of the ovaries and its important functions seem to have 

been suggested before any other secretion than the sperm was 

attributed to the testes. Early in the nineteenth century Cabanis 

argued ("De l'Influence des Sexes sur le Caractere des Idees et 

des Affections Morales," _Rapport du Physique et du Moral de 

l'Homme_, 1824, vol. ii, p. 18) that the ovaries are secreting 

glands, forming a "particular humor" which is reabsorbed into the 

blood and imparts excitations which are felt by the whole system 

and all its organs. 

 

 

FOOTNOTES: 

 

[129] The composite character of the semen was recognized by various old 


Page 3 from 4:  Back   1   2  [3]  4   Forward