Main  Contacts  
Table of contents
PREFACE
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-1.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-1.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.4
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.5
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.4
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.5
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-6
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.3
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.4
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.3
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.4
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-3.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-3.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.3
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-1
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-2
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-3
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-4
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-1.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-1.2
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-2.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-2.2
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-3-4
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-5.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-5.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

these are scarcely normal, for they are not seen in women with very 

elastic skins and are rare among peasants and savages.[173] The whole 

carriage of the woman tends to become changed with the development of the 

mighty seed of man planted within her; it simulates the carriage of pride 

with the arched back and protruded abdomen.[174] The pregnant woman has 

been lifted above the level of ordinary humanity to become the casket of 

an inestimable jewel. 

 

It is in the blood and the circulation that the earliest of the most 

prominent symptoms of pregnancy are to be found. The ever increasing 

development of this new focus of vascular activity involves an increased 

vascular activity in the whole organism. This activity is present almost 

from the first--a few days after the impregnation of the ovum--in the 

breasts, and quickly becomes obvious to inspection and palpation. Before a 

quite passive organ, the breast now rapidly increases in activity of 

circulation and in size, while certain characteristic changes begin to 

take place around the nipples.[175] As a result of the additional work 

imposed upon it the heart tends to become slightly hypertrophied in order 

to meet the additional strain; there may be some dilatation also.[176] 

 

The recent investigations of Stengel and Stanton tend to show 

that the increase of the heart's work during pregnancy is less 

considerable than has generally been supposed, and that beyond 

some enlargement and dilatation of the right ventricle there is 

not usually any hypertrophy of the heart. 

 

The total quantity of blood is raised. While increased in quantity, the 

blood appears on the whole to be somewhat depreciated in quality, though 

on this point there are considerable differences of opinion. Thus, as 

regards haemoglobin, some investigators have found that the old idea as to 

the poverty of haemoglobin in pregnancy is quite unfounded; a few have even 

found that the haemoglobin is increased. Most authorities have found the 

red cells diminished, though some only slightly, while the white cells, 

and also the fibrin, are increased. But toward the end of pregnancy there 

is a tendency, perhaps due to the establishment of compensation, for the 

blood to revert to the normal condition.[177] 

 

It would appear probable, however, that the vascular phenomena of 

pregnancy are not altogether so simple as the above statement would imply. 

The activity of various glands at this time--well illustrated by the 

marked salivation which sometimes occurs--indicates that other modifying 

forces are at work, and it has been suggested that the changes in the 

maternal circulation during pregnancy may best be explained by the theory 

that there are two opposing kinds of secretion poured into the blood in 

unusual degree during pregnancy: one contracting the vessels, the other 

dilating them, one or the other sometimes gaining the upper hand. 

Suprarenal extract, when administered, has a vaso-constricting influence, 

and thyroid extract a vasodilating influence; it may be surmised that 

within the body these glands perform similar functions.[178] 

 

The important part played by the thyroid gland is indicated by its marked 

activity at the very beginning of pregnancy. We may probably associate the 


Page 4 from 6:  Back   1   2   3  [4]  5   6   Forward