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Table of contents
PREFACE
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-1.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-1.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.4
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.5
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.4
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.5
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-6
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.3
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.4
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.3
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.4
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-3.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-3.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.3
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-1
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-2
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-3
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-4
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-1.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-1.2
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-2.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-2.2
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-3-4
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-5.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-5.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

general tendency to vasodilatation during early pregnancy with the 

tendency to goitre; Freund found an increase of the thyroid in 45 per 

cent. of 50 cases. The thyroid belongs to the same class of ductless 

glands as the ovary, and, as Bland Sutton and others have insisted, the 

analogies between the thyroid and the ovary are very numerous and 

significant. It may be added that in recent years Armand Gautier has noted 

the importance of the thyroid in elaborating nucleo-proteids containing 

arsenic and iodine, which are poured into the circulation during 

menstruation and pregnancy. The whole metabolism of the body is indeed 

affected, and during the latter part of pregnancy study of the ingesta and 

egesta has shown that a storage of nitrogen and even of water is taking 

place.[179] The woman, as Pinard puts it, forms the child out of her own 

flesh, not merely out of her food; the individual is being sacrificed to 

the species. 

 

The changes in the nervous system of the pregnant woman correspond to 

those in the vascular system. There is the same increase of activity, a 

heightening of tension. Bruno Wolff, from experiments on bitches, 

concluded that the central nervous system in women is probably more easily 

excited in the pregnant than in the non-pregnant state, though he was not 

prepared to call this cerebral excitability "specific."[180] Direct 

observations on pregnant women have shown, without doubt, a heightened 

nervous irritability. Reflex action generally is increased. Neumann 

investigated the knee-jerk in 500 women during pregnancy, labor, and the 

puerperium, and in a large number found that there was a progressive 

exaggeration with the advance of pregnancy, little or no change being 

observed in the early months; sometimes when no change was observed during 

pregnancy the knee-jerk still increased during labor, reaching its maximum 

at the moment of the expulsion of the foetus; the return to the normal 

condition took place gradually during the puerperium. Tridandani found in 

pregnant women that though the superficial reflexes, with the exception of 

the abdominal, were diminished, the deep and tendon reflexes were markedly 

increased, especially that of the knee, these changes being more marked in 

primiparae than in multiparae, and more pronounced as pregnancy advanced, 

the normal condition returning with ten days after labor. Electrical 

excitability was sensibly diminished.[181] 

 

 

 

One of the first signs of high nervous tension is vomiting. As is well 

known, this phenomenon commonly appears early in pregnancy, and it is by 

many considered entirely physiological. Barnes regards it as a kind of 

safety valve, a regulating function, letting off excessive tension and 

maintaining equilibrium.[182] Vomiting is, however, a convulsion, and is 

thus the simplest form of a kind of manifestation--to which the heightened 

nervous tension of pregnancy easily lends itself--that finds its extreme 

pathological form in eclampsia. In this connection it is of interest to 

point out that the pregnant woman here manifests in the highest degree a 

tendency which is marked in women generally, for the female sex, apart 

altogether from pregnancy, is specially liable to convulsive 

phenomena.[183] 


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