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Table of contents
PREFACE
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-1.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-1.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.4
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-2.5
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.4
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-3.5
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-4.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.1
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.2
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-5.3
EROTIC SYMBOLISM-6
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.3
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-1.4
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.3
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-2.4
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-3.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-3.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.1
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.2
THE MECHANISM OF DETUMESCENCE-4.3
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-1
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-2
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-3
THE PSYCHIC STATE IN PREGNANCY-4
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-1.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-1.2
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-2.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-2.2
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-3-4
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-5.1
HISTORIES OF SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY-5.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

Lime, mud, chalk, charcoal, cinders, pitch are also the desired 

substances in other cases detailed. One pregnant woman must eat 

bread fresh from the oven in very large quantities, and a certain 

noble matron ate 140 sweet cakes in one day and night. Wheat and 

various kinds of corn as well as of vegetables were the foods 

desired by many longing women. One woman was responsible for 20 

pounds of pepper, another ate ginger in large quantities, a third 

kept mace under her pillow; cinnamon, salt, emulsion of almonds, 

treacle, mushrooms were desired by others. Cherries were longed 

for by one, and another ate 30 or 40 lemons in one night. Various 

kinds of fish--mullet, oysters, crabs, live eels, etc.--are 

mentioned, while other women have found delectation in lizards, 

frogs, spiders and flies, even scorpions, lice and fleas. A 

pregnant woman, aged 33, of sanguine temperament, ate a live fowl 

completely with intense satisfaction. Skin, wool, cotton, thread, 

linen, blotting paper have been desired, as well as more 

repulsive substances, such as nasal mucus and feces (eaten with 

bread). Vinegar, ice, and snow occur in other cases. One woman 

stilled a desire for human flesh by biting the nates of children 

or the arms of men. Metals are also swallowed, such as iron, 

silver, etc. One pregnant woman wished to throw eggs in her 

husband's face, and another to have her husband throw eggs in her 

face. 

 

In the next chapter of the same work Schurig describes cases of 

acute antipathy which may arise under the same circumstances 

(cap. III, "De Nausea seu Antipathia certorum ciborum"). The list 

includes bread, meat, fowls, fish, eels (a very common 

repulsion), crabs, milk, butter (very often), cheese (often), 

honey, sugar, salt, eggs, caviar, sulphur, apples (especially 

their odor), strawberries, mulberries, cinnamon, mace, capers, 

pepper, onions, mustard, beetroot, rice, mint, absinthe, roses 

(many pages are devoted to this antipathy), lilies, elder 

flowers, musk (which sometimes caused vomiting), amber, coffee, 

opiates, olive oil, vinegar, cats, frogs, spiders, wasps, swords. 

 

More recently Gould and Pyle (_Anomalies and Curiosities of 

Medicine_, p. 80) have briefly summarized some of the ancient and 

modern records concerning the longings of pregnant women. 

 

Various theories are put forward concerning the causation of the longings 

of pregnant women, but none of these seems to furnish by itself a complete 

and adequate explanation of all cases. Thus it is said that the craving is 

the expression of a natural instinct, the system of the pregnant woman 

really requiring the food she longs for. It is quite probable that this is 

so in many cases, but it is obviously not so in the majority of cases, 

even when we confine ourselves to the longings for fairly natural foods, 

while we know so little of the special needs of the organism during 

pregnancy that the theory in any case is insusceptible of clear 

demonstration. 

 

Allied to this theory is the explanation that the longings are for things 

that counteract the tendency to nausea and sickness. Giles, however, in 


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